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This research is part of a PhD project aimed at developing a mealtime intervention to improve the health and wellbeing of older people in residential care. It is essential that first hand experiences of existing care provision are sought, in order that they may inform subsequent stages of research, in particular the development of an intervention itself.
This study has the following aims:
The proposed study will involve semi-structured one-to-one interviews with care home residents with a focus on the experience of mealtimes, including the social environment in which these take place.
Both male and female care home residents aged 65 years or older will be included in the study. Residents who cannot give consent independently due to severe cognitive impairment will be excluded. Sampling will cease once theoretical saturation is reached (i.e. when no new themes are emerging from the data). It is expected that this will be between 10-15 older adults, based on previous research.
The data collated from the interviews will be analysed using a combination of Thematic Analysis and Grounded Theory. The aim of the analysis will be to organise the data in a meaningful way so as to be able to develop a theory of the forms, functions and consequences of mealtime experiences in the care home environment.
Possible ethical issues are likely to be based on participant confidentiality, and given the vulnerable status of the sample population, on safeguarding and welfare issues, as well as the potential for some participants to have communication difficulties.
Watkins R, Goodwin VA, Abbott RA, Backhouse A, Moore D, Tarrant M (2017). Attitudes, perceptions and experiences of mealtimes among residents and staff in care homes for older adults: A systematic review of the qualitative literature. Geriatric Nursing
Watkins R, Goodwin VA, Abbot RA, Hall A, Tarrant M (2017). Exploring residents' experiences of mealtimes in care homes: A qualitative interview study. BMC Geriatrics 17:141
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