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Excluding children from school may lead to long-term psychiatric problems and psychological distress, a study of thousands of children has shown. Research by the University of Exeter, published in the journal Psychological Medicine this month, found that a new onset mental disorder may be a consequence of exclusion from school.
The analysis by a team led by Professor Tamsin Ford of responses from over 5,000 school-aged children, their parents and their teachers, found that children with learning difficulties and mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, ADHD and autism spectrum conditions were more likely to be excluded from the classroom.
The study is...Read more
Social prescribing has the potential to address many of the factors that perpetuate illness, decrease quality of life and add to health care costs – such as social isolation, inactivity and smoking. It has expanded the options available to GPs who have patients requiring financial, housing and other social advice alongside their medical care.
In a piece published in BMJ Opinion, PenCLAHRC Research Fellow Dr Kerryn Husk warns that, in order for social prescribing to reach its full potential and make a true difference to patients, more needs to be done to understand what works, for whom, and in what circumstances.
A large-scale trial led by the University of Exeter, presented at the international Alzheimer’s Association International Conference (AAIC) 2017 on Tuesday July 18, has found that cognitive rehabilitation leads to people seeing satisfying progress in areas that enable them to maintain their functioning and independence.
The Goal-oriented Cognitive Rehabilitation in Early-stage Alzheimer’s and Related Dementias: Multi-centre Single-blind Randomised Controlled Trial (GREAT) trial involved 475 people across eight sites in England and Wales. Half of them received ten cognitive rehabilitation sessions over three months, and the other half did not. The group receiving the therapy then took part in four ‘top-up’ sessions...Read more
Carers have spoken about the value of sharing their experiences with students and researchers at the University of Exeter Medical School, to increase awareness and help support other carers in the community.
Volunteer Heather Boult, from Countess Wear in Exeter, said:
“As part of Carers week, it's about saying you are not alone in how you feel. Speak up and get involved in research, as it's the most rewarding, challenging and best way to change and improve the future for all patients. Don't be your illness or your NHS number or' just a patient', you are a person with a voice and...Read more
An internationalisation grant has been awarded to PenCHORD – PenCLAHRC’s operational research group – to establish a research collaboration between the University of Exeter Medical School and Charusat University in India.
Charusat University is situated in the Gujarat state of India and specialises in science, technology and management courses. The university works closely with the newly-established Charusat Hospital, situated next to the university campus, to develop staff skills and resources.
This collaboration aims to combine both universities’ specialisms in healthcare and operational research, by using modelling to support service delivery at Charusat Hospital.
Martin Pitt, Director of PenCHORD, established links with Charusat University when he visited senior...Read more
The escalating cost of healthcare is a problem common to all EU countries and national governments are looking at different ways to tackle this. There is often anxiety that managing costs will mean healthcare becomes more dangerous or risky - however this does not have to be the case.
A network of healthcare stakeholders from 24 EU countries has been set up to develop ways of containing costs whilst maintaining, or even improving, the quality of healthcare. PenCLAHRC’s Professor Nicky Britten is one of just two UK representatives on the Action’s Management Committee, whilst Dr Helen Lloyd and Dr Mark Pearson are...Read more
A GW4-funded collaboration between researchers from PenCLAHRC and GW4 universities has revealed gaps in provision for dealing with self-harm in secondary schools.
Staff from 153 schools in Wales and South-West England took part in a survey consultation to gather information on schools’ experience of students who self-harm, including self-harm provisions and barriers to addressing self-harm. This was followed by focus groups in eight schools to explore these issues in more depth.
The survey revealed that schools do not have a common or unified approach towards dealing with self-harm, but instead employ a variety of ad-hoc strategies including applying first aid and informing their safeguarding...Read more
A PenCLAHRC project showing that eating a Mediterranean diet may help reduce the risk of dementia has been reported in the Western Morning News as part of Dementia Awareness Week.
The systematic review, conducted by Dr Ilianna Lourida and Professor Jo Thompson-Coon of PenCLAHRC's Evidence Synthesis Team, brought together evidence to conclude that a Mediterranean diet could help to protect the ageing brain.
A Mediterranean diet typically consists of high consumption of plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes and olive oil, moderate consumption of fish and dairy products, and reduced intake of red meat and processed foods. Moderate alcohol intake, usually wine, during meals is another...Read more
Having a high blood platelet count is a strong predictor of cancer and should be urgently investigated to save lives, according to a large-scale study led by the University of Exeter Medical School and supported by PenCLAHRC.
Around two per cent of people over 40 – up to half a million people in the UK – have a raised blood platelet count, known as thrombocytosis.
Now, a study of 40,000 patient records has found that more than 11% of men and 6% of women over the age of 40 with thrombocytosis, went on to be diagnosed with cancer within a year. This rose...Read more
A team of systematic review specialists from the University of Exeter Medical School's ESMI group, supported by PenCLAHRC, have been commissioned by the National Institute of Health Research Health Services & Delivery Research programme (NIHR HS&DR) to conduct evidence syntheses on the organisation and delivery of healthcare.
The work will involve appraising and synthesising research and other evidence relating to the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and patient experience of healthcare, and the implementation of models and initiatives for improving the delivery of healthcare and NHS organisation.
This contract to support the HS&DR programme is worth half a million pounds over three years, and means...Read more