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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects 5.9% – 7.1 % of children (Willcutt, 2012), and up to two thirds of these children will carry symptoms into adulthood (Agnew‐Blais et al., 2016; Faraone, Biederman, & Mick, 2006).
Whilst this is a significant proportion of individuals, there is little research about how the transition phase is experienced. Professor Tamsin Ford and her team, based at the University of Exeter (Dr Astrid Janssens Anna Price, Helen Eke, Abigail Woodley and Matt Allwood) completed a systematic review of qualitative research, in order to increase understanding about the experience of transitioning, as a young person with ADHD, into adult healthcare...Read more
Primary school teachers experience higher levels of clinically significant distress than people in comparable professions, according to the first study to make the comparison over a sustained time period
The study, published online in the journal Public Health, was led by a team of researchers from the University of Exeter Medical School with support from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR).
The research team analysed data from up to 90 primary school teachers in the South West of England who had taken part in the Supporting Teachers And childRen in Schools (STARS) trial. STARS is an ongoing evaluation of the Incredible...Read more
A new study is investigating how to introduce dementia support workers into GP surgeries, with the ultimate aim of improving the quality of life for dementia patients and their carers.
Led by the University of Plymouth, the £2.7m study funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) will develop a person-centred package of care in GP surgeries, focused on the introduction of one dementia expert (support worker) to link to the rest of the patient’s clinical team.
The research project is supported by PenCLAHRC and is being managed by Dr Val Mann, Associate Professor in Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry at...Read more
Dorothy Tudor has cared for her partner Bob since he was diagnosed with dementia seven years ago. Watching the smiley, fun-loving carpenter transform into someone who no longer recognises her, Dorothy has been ‘floundering’ for support with nowhere to turn.
Here, she tells her story – and explains how introducing dementia support workers into GP surgeries could help ease the burden on people in a similar position. Dementia support workers exist in some organisations, but their role is not streamlined or consistent. New research to explore how to introduce them into primary care is being led by the University of Plymouth,...Read more
The Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) Education Association recommend that school children are taught about sex and relationships during their schooling years. Despite it not being a statutory requirement, the 2002 Education Act requires that all schools should teach a curriculum that ‘meets the needs of pupils’ and ‘prepares them for responsibilities and experiences of later life’.
Incorporating relationship education into the school curriculum provides an opportunity to equip young people with the knowledge and skills required for healthy intimate relationships. While acknowledging that some schools are already teaching relationship education well, the importance of universal coverage is a stated motive for the upcoming move of relationship and sex education...Read more
There is a national plan to improve the way people recieve urgent help and care, for conditions that are serious but not life threatening, such as broken bones, burns, sprains and strains. Cornwall will the first county to experience these changes, and three sites have been highlighted as key areas for new urgent care centres.
This plan has been shaped by research that was undertaken by PenCHORD, who provided evidence through mathematical geographical modelling to inform decisions about where to best locate care services.
The urgent care centres will be located in Bodmin, Truro and West Cornwall. Each centre will enhance and support...Read more
Overweight people who used a new motivational intervention called Functional Imagery Training (FIT) lost an average of five times more weight than those using talking therapy alone, shows new research published today by PenCLAHRC, the University of Plymouth and Queensland University of Technology.
In addition, users of FIT lost 4.3cm more around their waist circumference in six months – and continued to lose weight after the intervention had finished.
PenCLAHRC's Dr Linda Solbrig led the research involved 141 participants, who were allocated either to FIT or Motivational Interviewing (MI) – a technique that sees a counsellor support someone to develop, highlight and verbalise their need...Read more
People who have had a stroke are around twice as likely to develop dementia, according to the largest study of its kind ever conducted.
PenCLAHRC supported The University of Exeter Medical School’s study which analysed data on stroke and dementia risk from 3.2 million people across the world.
The study builds on previous research which had established the link between stroke and dementia, though had not quantified the degree to which stroke actually increased dementia risk. To better understand the link between the two, researchers analysed 36 studies where participants had a history of stroke, totalling data from 1.9 million people. In...Read more
Training teachers to focus their attention on positive conduct, and to avoid jumping to correct minor disruption, may improve child behaviour, concentration and mental health.
Government figures indicate that 10% of children have a mental health condition. The commonest and most persistent mental health condition is severe behaviour problems, and children with “conduct disorder” are at risk of all adult mental health conditions as well as poor educational and social outcomes. Despite the research and guidelines available, there is no specific guidance on how social and emotional well-being should be promoted in primary schools.
The Supporting Teachers and Children in Schools (STARS) study set...Read more
A new study has questioned assumptions about the best way to stop unnecessary admissions and extended hospital stays for frail, elderly people.
Published in Health Services and Delivery Research, the study was led by the University of Plymouth’s Professor in Health Services Research Rod Sheaff.
The research, carried out for the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and supported by PenCLAHRC, found that new multispecialty community providers (MCPs) could be effective in preventing such admissions under certain conditions. But evidence as to whether they reduced costs overall for the health service was ‘mixed’.
The key finding of the study, From programme theory to logic...Read more