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Learning to manage going to the toilet independently is an important milestone in child development. Being continent involves recognising that you need to go to the toilet, controlling until an appropriate place can be found, urinating and/or defecating, and cleaning up afterwards.
Children with special educational needs and disability may be slower to learn to manage going to the toilet, or need extra help, but many can become continent with the right support. Clinicians often recommend ways to improve continence, including toilet training programmes, nappies and other products, aids and equipment, medicines and surgery. Children should be assessed carefully by clinicians...Read more
A robust research analysis has identified what factors can be targeted to support people to live as well as possible with dementia.
The study, led by the University of Exeter and published in the journal Psychological Medicine, found that good relationships, social engagement, better everyday functioning, good physical and mental health, and high-quality care were all linked to better quality of life for people with dementia.
Professor Linda Clare, at the University of Exeter, said:
“This research supports the identification of national priorities for supporting people to live as well as possible with dementia. While many investigations focus on prevention and better treatments,...Read more
A £1.8m study funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) is looking for hundreds of Plymouth smokers who don’t want to quit, but do want to reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke. Researchers from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry (PUPSMD) will lead the study to test whether personal support can help.
Professor Adrian Taylor, Associate Dean for Research in PUPSMD, is leading the study across four cities – Plymouth, Nottingham, Oxford and London - which will hopefully provide a definitive answer to whether future services should be adapted to support those not ready to quit.
A team of researchers, including members of PenCLAHRC, have received £240,880 of funding from the NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme (NIHR HTA) for a new project looking to understand the efficacy, cost-effectiveness and current use of cancer diagnostic tools to aid decision-making in primary care.
For many types of cancer, survival is lower in the UK than for most European countries. Diagnostic tools that can predict the risk of cancer in patients with symptoms have been developed and are available for GPs to use in clinical practice. However, there are no summaries of the evidence on whether using these tools improves...Read more
A systematic review, co-authored by Professor Nicky Britten, has been included in a NIHR themed review, which brings together research on type 2 diabetes care.
The review aims to give a short account of completed and ongoing NIHR-funded studies on type 2 diabetes and how they have informed practice.
Over the last ten years, the NIHR has funded a number of programmes, projects, research centres, work streams and researchers working in diabetes prevention, management and care. Yet, evidence from these different studies has not been brought together before.
The systematic review - a qualitative synthesis of diabetes self-management strategies for long term medical...Read more
This year has seen the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) reach its tenth anniversary. A report by the Policy Research in Science and Medicine (PRiSM) unit was commissioned by the Department of Health to consider the question: “What are the ways in which NIHR has benefited the health research landscape of the past ten years?”
The report identifies 100 examples of positive change and impact resulting from the ten years of NIHR support and we are delighted that three PenCLAHRC projects have been included.
This is the first time examples of the breadth of the NIHR’s impact has been reported in...Read more
The NIHR Knowledge Mobilisation Research Fellowships (KRM Fellowships) will be launching a new round of programme funding, with applications available for submission between 20th July and 15th September.
Now in its fifth year, the programme is designed to support a balance of innovative knowledge mobilisation and research into the processes and impacts of such innovation. Through innovative practice and systematic study of that practice, KMR Fellows will advance knowledge and understanding about research use, influence and impact.
KMR Fellowships are personal awards designed to buy out an individual's salary costs, fund a training and development programme and fund the activities needed to...Read more
The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) has recognised another researcher at the University of Exeter Medical School as being one of the most outstanding health researchers in the UK.
Professor Stuart Logan, Director of PenCLAHRC and Cerebra Professor of Paediatric Epidemiology, has been made NIHR Senior Investigator for his commitment to the field. It means the Medical School now has four professors recognised with the NIHR’s prestigious title.
In all his roles, Professor Logan is committed to generating research with direct relevance to policy and practice, and helping to make research more accessible and useful to practitioners, the public and health...Read more