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A £1.8m study funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) is looking for hundreds of Plymouth smokers who don’t want to quit, but do want to reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke. Researchers from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry (PUPSMD) will lead the study to test whether personal support can help.
Professor Adrian Taylor, Associate Dean for Research in PUPSMD, is leading the study across four cities – Plymouth, Nottingham, Oxford and London - which will hopefully provide a definitive answer to whether future services should be adapted to support those not ready to quit.
PenCLAHRC researcher, Dr Iain Lang, has commented on a new study published in The Lancet Public Health, which provides evidence to suggest that people who drink excessively are putting themselves at serious risk of vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Lead by Michaël Schwarzinger, MD, the study used the French National Hospital Discharge database to examine over a million people diagnosed with dementia between 2008 and 2013. More than a third – 38% of the 57,000 cases of early-onset dementia – were found to be directly alcohol-related and 18% had an additional diagnosis of alcohol use disorders. Alcohol use disorders were concluded...Read more
Excluding children from school may lead to long-term psychiatric problems and psychological distress, a study of thousands of children has shown. Research by the University of Exeter, published in the journal Psychological Medicine this month, found that a new onset mental disorder may be a consequence of exclusion from school.
The analysis by a team led by Professor Tamsin Ford of responses from over 5,000 school-aged children, their parents and their teachers, found that children with learning difficulties and mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, ADHD and autism spectrum conditions were more likely to be excluded from the classroom.
The study is...Read more
A national collaboration supported by PenCLAHRC, investigating ways to support prisoners with mental health problems both before and after release, has received additional funding of almost £290,000 to continue its work for another 10 months.
Engager is a collaboration between Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry (PUPSMD), the University of Manchester, University College London and the University of Exeter. It has already received funding in the region of £2.2 million from the NIHR Programme Grants for Applied Research (PGfAR), which has also supported this latest funding.
The project aims to develop and evaluate a way of organising care and support for prisoners...Read more
Carers have spoken about the value of sharing their experiences with students and researchers at the University of Exeter Medical School, to increase awareness and help support other carers in the community.
Volunteer Heather Boult, from Countess Wear in Exeter, said:
“As part of Carers week, it's about saying you are not alone in how you feel. Speak up and get involved in research, as it's the most rewarding, challenging and best way to change and improve the future for all patients. Don't be your illness or your NHS number or' just a patient', you are a person with a voice and...Read more
PenCLAHRC’s Mary Hickson, Professor in Dietetics at Plymouth University, has worked with the Association of UK University Hospitals’ (AUKUH) to develop new guidance for healthcare provider organisations. The guide aims to provide practical advice to develop and sustain the research clinical academic roles of nurses, midwives and allied health professionals.
Professor Hickson said of the guidance:
“This new resource is long awaited and fills a big gap in the advice available to aspiring nursing and AHP clinical academics, as well as NHS Trusts and universities who wish to develop career pathways for these people.”
“The advice is practical and pragmatic and has been...Read more
Research supported by PenCLAHRC’s Dr Martin James has the potential to benefit almost 10,000 UK stroke patients a year. The study, presented at the UK Stroke Forum Conference in Liverpool today, looks at a new and more effective treatment for acute stroke.
Stroke is a serious, life-threatening and often debilitating condition, which can have a devastating impact on patients and their families. In the UK, nearly 90,000 people a year are admitted to hospital following a stroke, with many of those who survive left severely disabled.
Mechanical clot removal can substantially reduce disability, if carried out within six hours of the onset...Read more
Throughout the year, PenCLAHRC encourages healthcare professionals and those using the health service across the South West to contact us with research questions, which could potentially be developed further into research projects. Due to the large number of questions received, we run a research prioritisation process to decide which questions we will take on and explore further.
The 2015 round of research prioritisation concluded just before Christmas. This round considered 68 questions in total, with stakeholders from our partner organisations across the South West voting to create a shortlist of 10 questions.
Our partners then met on the 14th December to discuss...Read more