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People who have had a stroke are around twice as likely to develop dementia, according to the largest study of its kind ever conducted.
PenCLAHRC supported The University of Exeter Medical School’s study which analysed data on stroke and dementia risk from 3.2 million people across the world.
The study builds on previous research which had established the link between stroke and dementia, though had not quantified the degree to which stroke actually increased dementia risk. To better understand the link between the two, researchers analysed 36 studies where participants had a history of stroke, totalling data from 1.9 million people. In...Read more
From the South West right up to the North West Coast, 13 CLAHRCs operate across the UK, leading the way in high quality innovative applied health research, and facilitating knowledge exchange between CLAHRCs and the NHS.
This year we are celebrating 10 years of success, and to commemorate this the NIHR CLAHRCS have put together an infographic detailing our growth and achievements so far. We are delighted that collaboratively we have secured over £137 million in external funding and produced over 1,700 papers from 2015 to 2017.
Here at PenCLAHRC, we have recently submitted our Applied Research Collaboration (ARC) bid for the...Read more
The University of Plymouth Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry are looking to recruit a Research Fellow within PenCLAHRC. The post holder will work on a range of new and existing PenCLAHRC projects, as well as playing an active role in identifying new topic areas for development. Whilst this is envisaged as a full-time post, part-time and flexible working arrangements will be considered.
This post offers the opportunity for a Research Fellow to become part of the successful and enthusiastic Community and Primary Care Research Group (CPCRG), who are committed to improving public health and patient outcomes through innovative health research and implementation. CPCRG have a...Read more
PenCLAHRC’s Deputy Director, Professor Ken Stein, has been appointed as Programme Director for the NIHR Systematic Reviews (SR) Programme. The NIHR SR Programme manages the NIHR support for Cochrane activities in the UK and the NIHR support for the academic units on whose work all National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) appraisals are based.
Ken will take on the role from September 2018, succeeding Professor Tom Walley, who says:
“I am delighted that Ken has accepted this position. I am confident that under Ken's leadership the NIHR SR Programme will continue to fund and oversee vital high quality research that will continue to provide decision makers...Read more
Training teachers to focus their attention on positive conduct, and to avoid jumping to correct minor disruption, may improve child behaviour, concentration and mental health.
Government figures indicate that 10% of children have a mental health condition. The commonest and most persistent mental health condition is severe behaviour problems, and children with “conduct disorder” are at risk of all adult mental health conditions as well as poor educational and social outcomes. Despite the research and guidelines available, there is no specific guidance on how social and emotional well-being should be promoted in primary schools.
The Supporting Teachers and Children in Schools (STARS) study set...Read more
A new study has questioned assumptions about the best way to stop unnecessary admissions and extended hospital stays for frail, elderly people.
Published in Health Services and Delivery Research, the study was led by the University of Plymouth’s Professor in Health Services Research Rod Sheaff.
The research, carried out for the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and supported by PenCLAHRC, found that new multispecialty community providers (MCPs) could be effective in preventing such admissions under certain conditions. But evidence as to whether they reduced costs overall for the health service was ‘mixed’.
The key finding of the study, From programme theory to logic...Read more
On Thursday 5th July 2018, the NHS turned 70 years old.
Since its inception, the NHS has constantly evolved in response to changing needs, and has transformed the health and wellbeing of the nation. To commemorate this, our Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) team have created an animation encouraging public involvement in health research.
The team worked closely with Mary, a parent carer of a disabled child, and a member of PenCRU's Family Faculty. In the video, Mary discusses what persuaded to get involved in research, and why she would encourage others to do so.
Dr Kristin Liabo, Senior Research Fellow in the Patient and Public Involvement team, emphasises...Read more
The results of a clinician-led study will inform a new evidence based guide for therapists prescribing sleep positioning systems for patients with neuro disabilities. It is hoped that this guide will help to outline the potential benefits and risks associated with the systems in practice as far as possible.
Sleep positioning systems (SPS) can be prescribed for adults and children with neuro disabilities to help reduce or prevent hip deformity, provide comfort, ease pain, and improve sleep.
Some clinicians have been recommending this type of equipment for many years, however, due to the lack of definitive evidence of the effectiveness of the...Read more
Learning to manage going to the toilet independently is an important milestone in child development. Being continent involves recognising that you need to go to the toilet, controlling until an appropriate place can be found, urinating and/or defecating, and cleaning up afterwards.
Children with special educational needs and disability may be slower to learn to manage going to the toilet, or need extra help, but many can become continent with the right support. Clinicians often recommend ways to improve continence, including toilet training programmes, nappies and other products, aids and equipment, medicines and surgery. Children should be assessed carefully by clinicians...Read more
Hypnosis could help to reduce the fear of medical procedures in children and young people with cancer.
New research has found promising evidence that hypnosis can reduce the distress associated with injections and other needle procedures, such as extracting bone marrow and giving chemotherapy.
Previous research has shown that these procedures often provoke more anxiety in children and young people than the cancer itself. Up to half of children with cancer experience clinically significant emotional distress. This can cause additional anguish for the child and for their families and have a long-lasting impact on mental health.
Researchers from PenCLAHRC and the University of...Read more