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A £1.8m study funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) is looking for hundreds of Plymouth smokers who don’t want to quit, but do want to reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke. Researchers from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry (PUPSMD) will lead the study to test whether personal support can help.
Professor Adrian Taylor, Associate Dean for Research in PUPSMD, is leading the study across four cities – Plymouth, Nottingham, Oxford and London - which will hopefully provide a definitive answer to whether future services should be adapted to support those not ready to quit.
PenCLAHRC researcher, Dr Iain Lang, has commented on a new study published in The Lancet Public Health, which provides evidence to suggest that people who drink excessively are putting themselves at serious risk of vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Lead by Michaël Schwarzinger, MD, the study used the French National Hospital Discharge database to examine over a million people diagnosed with dementia between 2008 and 2013. More than a third – 38% of the 57,000 cases of early-onset dementia – were found to be directly alcohol-related and 18% had an additional diagnosis of alcohol use disorders. Alcohol use disorders were concluded...Read more
As a partnership of NHS Trusts across Devon, Cornwall and
Somerset, plus the Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, we aim to
work with healthcare professionals, policymakers and the public to
identify areas of research that reflect the real needs and concerns
of the health service in the South West.
Highlighting how this works in practice, we’ve brought together some of the work carried out with the South West Academic Science Network (SW AHSN).
We have been working with the SW AHSN since its inception in 2014, commencing our partnership with the launch of three collaborative research projects which focused on the areas...
Members of PenCLAHRC's operational research team, PenCHORD, have been working towards transferring their work to Free Open Source Software (FOSS). Dr Mike Allen, Senior Modeller with PenCHORD, and Operational Researcher Kerry Pearn, have successfully made the switch to FOSS, which means everything they are doing is now free of any license or intellectual property (IP) considerations, and they can share their work freely for others to use.
With FOSS, anyone is freely licensed to use, copy, study and change the software in any way, and the source code is openly shared so that people are encouraged to voluntarily improve the design of the software. This is in contrast to proprietary software, where the software is under restrictive copyright and the source code...Read more
Understanding how to put effective health care into practice is an important part of the effort to improve the population’s health. Implementation science aims to address this, and draws on a range of research methods to help us understand how health organisations can effect change and, importantly, the barriers to making changes.
Members of PenCLAHRC's Implementation Science team have been working with the South West Academic Health Science Network (SWAHSN) to study how two projects - the emergency treatment of acute ischaemic stroke and patient-initiated clinics (PIC) – have sought to spread innovation. In both projects, work was initially conducted in one setting and shown to...Read more
A paper published in the journal Health Research Policy and Systems, reports on a tactic to improve health service delivery using a collaborative approach between researchers, health care organisations, commissioners, patients and the public. This aims to introduce and evaluate innovative approaches to person-centred coordinated care (P3C). The programme of work is being led by researchers from the Community and Primary Care Research Group at Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, with support from PenCLAHRC and the South West Academic Health Science Network.
Multi-faceted challenges within the care/health environment are the catalyst for new and sometimes radical thinking...Read more
Inspired by her own experience as a mum to child with autism, a dental hygienist has published new research hoping to make dental examinations less stressful for autistic children.
Nicole Thomas, from the Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, suggests that giving children the power of choice could make a world of difference to a child with autism. Something as simple as allowing a child to select the colour of mouthwash they use after a dental examination can improve their experience. With support from PenCLAHRC, Nicole worked alongside researchers at the Peninsula Cerebra Research Unit (PenCRU) at the University of Exeter...Read more
Health provision is moving away from disease-based models to person centred delivery. This study addresses the development of a new practical tool to support organisations and practitioners in delivering this new approach.
Public sector organisations are being driven to produce greater efficiencies and cost savings. The NHS in particular is facing the requirement to do more with less, and deliver better and more effective care, while at the same time reducing a fiscal deficit. Such an economic challenge has been the catalyst for new and sometimes radical thinking about how care is delivered. This has resulted in a move away...Read more
The National Health Service (NHS) needs healthy, motivated doctors to provide high quality care for patients. Unfortunately, being a doctor is a challenging job in a pressurised work environment, so doctors are more likely to suffer from mental ill-health than other working adults.
A recent survey of doctors who were members of the organisation Medical Protection suggested that 85% had experienced mental health issues, including stress (75%), anxiety (49%), depression (32%) and suicidal feelings (13%). In November 2015, the Head of Thought Leadership at the King’s Fund said stress levels among NHS staff are “astonishingly high”.
When they become ill, doctors...Read more
A family whose mother could not speak or hear has praised a project which helped them communicate with her in her final days. The project is led by PenCLAHRC PhD student Sonam Zamir, who is researching the effectiveness of video calls at reducing loneliness and isolation in care home settings.
Jerry Camp explained how his mother Cath Camp "got a real lift" from receiving video calls from family throughout the UK while living at Valley View Rest Home in Plymouth, the flagship home owned by Ark Care Homes Ltd, before her death in August following a short illness.
Delivered as part of...Read more